This is true across nature, where all the animals follow this cycle. They also consume in order to produce. An example would be bees. They consume nectar to produce honey. The honey is food for the baby bees to consume.
On the commercial level, stores such as Forever 21, feed real-time information about customer purchases to their manufacturers, so they can produce more of a product that is selling well. The red sweater may not be selling, but the blue one is hot, so they immediately produce more of the blue.