Morality is about behavioral codes agreed upon by a society. Science is about discovering the truth about how everything in the universe comes about, works, and interacts. Science has nothing to do with what a society determines to be the right way to behave or think. It is only concerned with what can be proven under laboratory conditions after repeated results.
History shows us many cases in which Science and the morality of the time clashed. Galileo was imprisoned because he dared to defy the common morally-held belief at the time that the earth was the center of the Universe.
The sentence of the Inquisition was delivered three parts:
- Galileo was found "vehemently suspect of heresy" when he stated that the Earth is not static and stationary at the center of all that is but it moves, contrary to Holy Scripture. He was required to “abjure, curse, and detest” his statements.
- He was sentenced to formal imprisonment, which was commuted to house arrest, under which he remained for the rest of his life.
- His writing were banned; publication of any of his works was forbidden, including any he might write in the future.
Years later, we all know that the the entire Universe does not revolve around the Earth and that the earth revolves around the sun. To put anyone in prison for declaring this fact would be highly immoral by today’s standards.